Located at the central part of northern China, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was inhabited by Eeduosi people 20,000 years ago. With a long history, it was called Inner Mongolia for the first time in the Qing Dynasty.
Inner Mongolia has a territory of 1.183 million square kilometers, where there are 49 ethnic groups, including the Mongols, Han, Manchu, Daur, Olunchun, Ewenke, etc, with a population totaling 23 million. Its main industries are iron and steel, coal, chemicals, electric power, machinery, wool textile, forestry, etc. It is also one of the important bases of cereals, oil suqar and animal husbandry in China. There are 0.88 million square kilometers of glassland in Inner Mongolia, ranking first among the Four Great Grasslands of the country; and the productivity of sheep wool, goat cashmere, camel fine hair also ranks first in China. There are 70 different mineral deposits in the region whose recoverable reserves are proven, of which six rank first in China, and the rare earth resource alone occupies 80% of the total world reserves. There are still many animal and plant resources, for which Inner Mongolia is eulogized as “world of animals”, “world of plants”, “genetic database of living things”.
Beautiful and abundant in resources, Inner mongolia is a province with the widest longitudes in China, and its special location dictates the abundance and variety of its tourism resources. With grassland scenes and folk customs as its two major tourism resources, Inner Mongolia has such natural scenes as vast grasslands, deserts, forests, and lakes. You can enjoy the scenes described in a poem:“The blue sky resembles yurt that covers places all around. On the vast grassland, a blast of wind bows grasses down and cow and sheep come into your eye.”